How To Give The Perfect Dog Bath

Most pet owners do not think twice about spending big dollars to buy their dog premium dog food, the best health care or even blissful days at a doggie day care facility. Most pet owners also don't think twice when it's time to give Bowser a bath. Grab the Head and Shoulders and fire up the backyard garden hose. But lets give it a bit more thought than that.

But a proper dog bath is key to maintaining your pet's vigorous good health. The skin is the body's largest organ and a perfect dog bath is key to stimulating blood circulation and keeping the skin healthy. Improper bathing can cause a matted condition in the coat which is uncomfortable to your dog. The first step in the
perfect dog bath is a good brushing.

For short-haired dogs brush in a circular motion with a curry comb made of rubber with teeth cut into the edges. It will pull the dead coat out. Slicker brushes will take out the dead undercoat. Start on the legs and hold the outer hair so that you can brush from the skin outward. If it is not removed, the coat will easily mat.
Use this technique all over the dog - legs, body and tail. Dogs resent the tail being brushed so save it for last. For fine-haired dogs use a natural bristle brush. Moisten the area to be worked with a good coat conditioner.

For long-haired dogs use a pin brush if the coat is not tangled, a slicker brush if the coat is tangled. Start at the legs, again brushing from the skin out and brushing only a few hairs at a time. The secret to thorough brushing is to brush only a few hairs at a time. Check each area with a comb; if the comb goes through without stress continue all the way up to the middle of the dog's back. Go to the loin area and to the back legs; then move to each side of the back of the dog.

You are now ready to wash. Never use human shampoos to wash your dog. Dog shampoos are specially formulated to match the pH level of a dog's skin. Human shampoos can strip a dog's coat of essential oils. The right way to bathe a dog is determined by the texture and length of the coat. Short-haired dogs are washed with a vigorous circular motion which will pull out the dirt. On dogs with a medium- length coast, use a back-and-forth motion. As the hair gets longer, go only in the direction the hair grows.

Step 1. Rinse the dog completely.

Step 2. Apply the shampoo along the back, working up as much lather as possible; do the same with the belly, legs and tail.

Step 3. Rinse the coat with one hand to run water on the dog and the other hand in a kneading fashion to work the soap out. Make certain all the soap is out as dried soap will dull a coat and cause skin problems.

Step 4. Before towel-drying, squeeze as much water out of the coat as possible by pulling the hair straight out and squeezing at the same time.

Step 5. Use a washcloth to clean the dog's face and avoid getting water in his ears. Moisture inside the ears provides the conditions for fungus infections.

Step 6. Towel dry your dog and use a hand-held hair dryer on thick-coated dogs but never use a human hair dryer as they run too hot and can burn the dog and damage the coat.

Voila! A clean, healthy dog.
copyright 2006

Orthopedic Surgery For Dogs

Dogs and cats get orthopedic injuries just like we do. In fact, it may surprise you to find out that almost any surgery that can be performed in human medicine has a corresponding animal procedure for your pet. Veterinary medicine has changed--and improved--drastically over the years as the human-animal bond has increased.

Working with veterinary surgical specialists over the last several years has really opened my eyes to the possibilities that exist. Not to mention the fact that I have had to take advantage of some of these "possibilities" for not only personal pets, but also for rescue animals in my care.

So, what kinds of injuries require specialty orthopedic surgery?

Broken bones, of course, come instantly to mind. But, does your pet need to be seen by a surgical specialist, or can your primary veterinarian repair the fracture? Well, this depends not only on the complexity of the fracture and the procedure to repair it, but also on the skill and experience of your veterinarian. I have seen cases where the pet had to undergo additional surgery by a specialist after a first attempt by a primary care physician. Think of it this way: if you had been hit by a car and required major surgery, would you go to your GP, or would you want to be operated on by a surgeon?

Joint injuries are also very common, especially in large, athletic breeds, and in overweight dogs. We routinely operate to correct torn cruciate ligaments and luxating patellas. These procedures are usually fairly costly, and the last thing you want to do is try to save a few dollars by having an inexperienced doctor perform these procedures. I have seen hip surgeries go so badly that there is no longer anything for a specialist to work with. There is nothing as difficult as telling a client that you could have helped their pet -- if you had been able to operate first, or sooner.

Recovery and rehabilitation are difficult for many pets, and for their owners! It takes a long time for bones to heal properly. So, if you pet needs orthopedic surgery, you are looking at approximately 12 to 16 weeks -- yes, that's 3 or 4 months! -- before "Roscoe" will be able to go back to normal, off leash activity. I'm not sure who this is more difficult on, the patient, or the owner. But, the worst thing you can do is assume that because "Roscoe" doesn't seem to be in any pain, you can relax on the exercise restrictions. You don't want "Roscoe" to end up back in the operating room, or worse, end up not being able to be restored to normal activity at all.

Not only have I seen pets have to come back for second, third, even fourth surgeries, I have also seen dogs that had to be put down because their prognosis for recovery was so poor when exercise restrictions were not followed. When the surgeon says 2 weeks in a crate, and an additional 8 weeks of on-leash walking only, she means it!

The use of orthotic devices is an option for pet owners when surgery is risky or to help in your pet's recovery process. Custom braces can support the operated limb and allow proper healing to take place. They can also help correct the limb's function without surgery. Your surgeon will be able to let you know whether this is an option for your pet.

Baby Girl is a beautiful Australian Shepherd at Mill Creek Animal Rescue. She came to us when she was about six months old with a horrible limp. I took her to an orthopedic surgeon. X-rays showed that she had suffered a fracture of her front left leg at some point in the past. Unfortunately, this was never treated, and there was a mal-union of the radius/ulna. Her ulna had tried to grow, but was growing out, rather than in length, while the radius continued to grow normally. This resulted in her paw being pushed sideways at a terrible angle. The doctor felt that although she had probably attained 65% of her full size, that surgery would benefit her and provide improved quality of life.

Baby Girl underwent surgery in early January. A 1 centimeter segment of the ulna was removed, and then the bone stabilized by divergent pins. The x-rays looked promising, and her foot appeared much straighter than it had pre-surgery. Now, Baby Girl thought she was better immediately. She wanted to romp and play the day after surgery. But, having seen post-surgery disasters, I followed the aftercare instructions to the letter. Two weeks post surgery, the splint came off. Baby Girl was walking much more normally, but still remained crated except for 3 or 4 daily leash walks.

Last month, Baby Girl returned for x-rays to determine whether or not the bone had healed. The x-rays revealed: SUCCESS! Although a pin had migrated and had to be removed, Baby Girl was released back to full, unrestricted activity -- much to her joy and mine!
In closing, orthopedic surgery can greatly improve your dog's quality of life. If your dog requires surgery, first find a good orthopedic surgeon. If your primary care veterinarian doesn't have a recommendation for you, visit the ACVS (American College of Veterinary Surgeons) website for the name of a specialist near you. And, whatever you do, follow the aftercare instructions. It may be difficult on both of you, but in the long run, you'll be glad you did!

CD Miller is the founder of Mill Creek Animal Rescue. You can view pets available for adoption at Petfinder.com Also, be sure to visit The New Pet Zone for the latest news and product reviews for a healthier happier pet!

5 Simple Dog Bath Tips For Bathing Your Dog at Home

Do you absolutely hate the thought of giving your dog a bath? It is such a messy and usually very unpleasant task

Admit it, do you just kind of let your dog go without a bath until it becomes unbearable and you have to bathe him/her.

Welcome to our world. That is how most dog owners feel about giving our dogs a bath. You do not ever mention the word bath, because then your dog will run and hide.

It usually takes more then one person and a lot of work for this ordeal to take place.

The size of the dog can also be a hassle. A large dog is definitely not easy to bathe. If your dog has a thick coat it is hard to clean the fur down to the skin.

Many of us do not have yards and water hookups outside.

However, when the time comes and your dog starts smelling like a dog, it has to be done. For your dogs sake as well as yours, a bath is necessary.

Some people have the luxury of having their dog bathed by professionals, but that can be expensive and out or reach for many people.

If you are like many of us and must this job yourself here are some simple tips to make it easier

1. Begin regularly bathing your dog from an early age, or as soon as you adopt one. This way they will get use to the whole process. Never give a puppy at bath until they are least 8 weeks old, and only if necessary.

2. Always make sure your home is warm before starting an indoor bath. If needed turn your thermostat up a few degrees. Get all your prep work done this includes towels, shampoo and whatever you need to begin the bath.

3. Combing and brushing out all the mats. Do this before your dog gets wet, to prevent the mats from turning into solid clumps that can only be removed with clippers.

If your dog has gotten into some sort of sticky materials like tar or paint, trim away the effected area of hair or soak it with vegetable or mineral oil for 24 hours. If it is a large area, you might be better off consulting a professional groomer.

4. Preparing the patient (dog). To keep their eyes safe from suds, put a small drop of mineral oil in them. You can also place cotton balls in their ears. When using cotton balls make sure of the size if they are too small for your dogs ears they could slip down the ear canal.

5. Bathe your dog as quickly as you can. This will alleviate the stress on both of you.

Do a thorough and good cleaning, be it outdoors or indoors especially rinsing all the shampoo off.

Soap residue can cause itching and irritation to their skin. Always dry your dog off immediately. Using a pet shammy and soft towels. If your dog does not mind a blow dryer on a low setting works quite well.
Be prepared for the big shake off your dog will do. It is good to let them shake the water off, just be prepared and keep them in a small area like your bathroom to control the water going all over.

Your dog will be much happier when he/she is clean and fresh smelling, of course do not expect them to let you know they liked it. With the right preparation bathing your dog does not have to been a battle, it can be almost fun when done with love, kindness and patience.

Get a free guide on pet care and pet recipes. Click Here http://www.allthingspets.info

Pregnant Dog Symptoms - How to Spot the Best Diet For Healthy Pups

Spotting pregnant dog symptoms is not just a responsibility for those who breed dogs but for any pet owner who insists on not spaying their females. Even though females only go into heat twice a year, all it takes for a pregnancy to occur is for the right elements to be in the right place at the right time.

Because dogs will always tenaciously follow their instincts, even the most careful of owners can find themselves in such a situation. Regardless of the circumstances, if the goal is a successful canine pregnancy, then all attention must turn to the issue of providing proper nutrition.

A pet owner that makes it a point to know his or her dog well is often better at spotting pregnant dog symptoms. Nonetheless, early indicators can still be rather hard to spot. For the most part, there is a decrease in appetite or energy as hormone levels fluctuate and there are often behavioral changes to go with it.

A minor swelling in the nipples may be the only other outwardly physical sign until hormone levels stabilize and the mother to be's appetite returns. As she begins putting on weight, there will soon be the telltale signs of a swelling abdomen and teats. A trip to the vet to test for the pregnancy hormone relaxing will help determine whether or not a female is pregnant for sure.

Whereas the expectant mother previously only had herself to worry, now comes the issue of meeting the nutritional demands of her unborn pups. Those who breed dogs know that pregnancies are demanding and a female must have proper nutrition before pregnant dog symptoms ever make an appearance. For dogs fortunate enough to be on a wholesome natural diet of raw meat and bone, this will not be an issue. This is because a diet of raw meat and bone provides all the proteins, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients in the exact form the canine physiology was designed to live on.

However, most dogs are made to subsist on a commercial diet that contains rendered down waste mixed with flavor enhancers and other dangerous additives. The nutrients that are often added to such a toxic recipe rarely come in a form that can be used efficiently.

As stated by Dr. Elizabeth Hodgkins, DVM, Esq., "commercial pet foods have repeatedly shown themselves to be subject to serious contamination and catastrophic imbalances of various nutrients."   When a mother to be is getting less than adequate nutrition, what chance do her unborn pups have? Luckily, it is never too late to switch.

There can be nothing more exciting than the day when a beloved canine companion brings her babies into the world. The sooner pregnant dog symptoms are spotted and a pet owner can start offering the proper nutrition, the more likely he or she is to see the vision of a healthy litter become reality. For all our canine companions offer us, offering a diet of raw meat and bone from the very beginning is simply the right thing to do.

Dan Scott, author of "Real Food for Dogs", has lived, trained, studied, worked and very much loved dogs for over 43 years. His burning passion for Canine Nutrition - "what your dog eats" through research and practice of natural diets for dogs is helping people the world over to have a healthy dog for life.

For a wealth of information and videos go to http://healthydogforlife.com/blog and sign up for the free controversial report.
(c) Copyright - Dan Scott. All Rights Reserved Worldwide.

You and Pregnant Dogs

A pregnant dog has a full litter of puppies growing within her which will have her going through several changes. The needs for your pregnant dog are going to increase. Before the big day of delivery for pregnant dogs, it will be highly important of you to be sure she will be in tip top health condition. So if you are planning to breed your dog, it is important that you know some of the important things about pregnant dogs. Here are some of them:

Signs or Symptoms of Dog Pregnancy

Three weeks after the female dog has mated, she may have an upset stomach and may be difficult to feed for about 1 week to 10 days. You can tell if your dog is pregnant by checking her vulva. The swelling of the vulva would not go down after her heat and the vulva looks enlarged. 30 days after mating, you can have your dog do a blood test to confirm if she is really pregnant. The nipples of pregnant dogs usually develop around 5 weeks after mating. By the 5th week, the nipples should look broader and bigger. At the 21st day after mating, you can have a veterinarian perform an ultrasound test on your dog and at the 45th day, a radiograph test can be taken to check how many puppies are inside.

How long does dog pregnancy take?

The gestation or pregnancy period for dogs is between 60 and 63 days. Start counting from the day she first mated.

The Right Diet for Pregnant Dogs

On her first 30 days or first month of pregnancy, you can give your dog her normal diet as long as the food contents are of high quality. On her last month, you can switch her diet to high-quality puppy foods but make sure to change the diet over a week's time. Never give your pregnant dog vitamin supplements because high quality foods already have the necessary nutrients she needs. You should also be aware that some vitamins may only cause birth defects.

Exercise

Walking is the best exercise for pregnant dogs. It is very important that she doesn't become overweight during her pregnancy and because of her sensitive condition, walking is the only way to keep her in tip top shape for delivery.

Vaccinations

Pregnant dogs do not ever get vaccination as some shots cause abortion. Remember to give
vaccination before the breeding process so that the protection from the vaccinations can be passed on to the puppies through the mother's milk.

Whelping Box

Two weeks before the expected delivery, you start preparing your pregnant dog's whelping box. The whelping box should be deep and wide enough to house the puppies until they are 4 to 6 weeks old. Cover the whelping box with sheets, newspapers, towels, etc. Never use anything that's important to you as puppy whelping is such a dirty business.

Body Temperature

One week before the whelping starts, it is advisable that the mother's temperature is taken rectally. A normal temperature of pregnant dogs is between 100.5 and 102.5; however, 24 hours before the whelping process, expect her temperature to drop by a few degrees.

Additional Information 

Pregnant dogs that are about whelp are never left alone. Many pregnant dogs need help in giving birth to their puppies and in some cases; a caesarian may be required to save both the life of the mother and the puppies.
Click Here to learn all the information you should about birthing puppies of pregnant dogs and know all the things you should have in your birthing kit!
I love all animals but have a special passion for dogs. I have several and breed. I want to help others who share the same passion as me.
Click here and get the facts you should know about pregnant dogs.

Essential Steps in Puppy Health Care

No doubt it is very exciting to have a new puppy at home; however this also adds a lot of responsibilities to your daily life. In order to have a trouble free breeding of your dog you first of all learn the basics of puppy health care. Just like human beings, puppies are susceptible to illness; in order to ensure that the puppy remains healthy and vibrant you may have to take certain precautions. The first and foremost thing is that they should not be separated from their mothers until they attain the age of eight weeks. This is because of the fact that puppies are protected from many illnesses from the colostrum in their mother's milk.

Find a Good Veterinarian

One of the important initial steps in puppy health care is to locate a good veterinarian in your locality with whom you can confide. It is preferable if your veterinarian has experience in dealing with the kind of breed you have. It is also essential that you are comfortable in dealing with this veterinarian. Write down his phone number and contact details so that you are in a position to contact him whenever emergency arises.

Immediately after you get your puppy, you should take him for detailed check-up; he also has to be given necessary vaccinations. You should discuss with your vet about the vaccines requirements for your dog; also ensure that your dog is given necessary booster shots as per schedule. It is also advisable in puppy health care that you get the stool sample of the dog tested for worms during your first visit to your vet.

Another important aspect in puppy health care is following a special diet for your dog; check with your veterinarian about any special diet requirement for your dog. In general, it is necessary that puppies eat more often than older dogs; puppies have to be given only dry foods to eat with adequate quantity of water. In any household there is tendency to feed the family dogs with table scraps without knowing the implications; human foods are not suited for consumption of dogs and they cause digestive problems. This also creates behavioral problems such as begging.

Getting breed specific information for a particular breed is an important part of puppy health care. You should purchase a book which gives details on caring, grooming and training the specific breed you intend to procure; this has to be done before you bring the puppy to your home. Further purchase all required materials and accessories such as crate, nail clippers, brush and chewing toys before bringing it home.

To conclude, puppy health care and baby health care are similar and both pose challenges. You should take enough efforts on puppy care to have a smooth ride. You must ensure during the first few weeks that you are in touch with a veterinarian. Educate yourself on taking care of your puppy; train the puppy after reading the books and also consulting your veterinarian. Finally, remember that your new puppy requires lots of love and affection in order to foster good health.

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Simple Tips On Cleaning A Pet Cage

Cleaning your pet’s cage is one of the keys to keeping your pet healthy at all times. It will make your pet’s living space free from germs and foul odor, making it a comfortable environment to live in. It can also minimize the chance of bacterial and fungal infections to your pet.

Cleaning cages is not a fun chore, but doing it as organized as possible will make the task less of a chore. Here are some simple tips when cleaning an animal cage:

Being systematic is really the solution to a much hassle-free cleaning process. Whenever you need to clean your pet’s cage, better transfer your pet to a safe place where he or she can feel comfortable during the cleaning time. You can put your pet in another cage while you are doing the cleaning. Bringing him or her in the yard or any confined space would be a good idea to avoid getting distracted.

Afterwards, start removing all the things inside the cage. Throw all the trash and dirt away. Be meticulous in getting rid of all the left-overs and animal wastes inside the cage. Clean up all the solid material first. Then, proceed to washing the litter pans, feeding bowls, toys, and other accessories. Don’t forget to clean the bedding. You can use fabric softener so that the bedding will be soft for your beloved pet.

Take extra time in cleaning the removable trays. Make sure you also disinfect the wire bottom and wipe it to remove any lingering poop or urine smell.

Bear in mind that the aim in cleaning your pet’s cage is to kill the germs, so it’s better to use hot water and proper cleaning agent when scrubbing the cage. To ensure the cage is cleaned very well, purchase a cage cleaner, which can be in the form of powder, wipes or spray bottle. Make sure it’s made from non-toxic materials. Use only the products that are proven safe for animals.

Whether you own a dog, cat, or any other animals, it is always important for you to make your pet’s cage clean. Doing this task regularly is essential to the health and well-being of your pet.

Andrei Smith writes for Midwest Homes 4 Pets, a company that offers a wide array of rabbit cages, bird cages and small animal cages. For more details, please visit MidwestHomes4Pets.com or contact the Toll Free Helpline: (800) 428-8560.

Why Does Our Puppy Need Socialization?

What do we mean with "puppy socialization"?

When we talk about puppy socialization we actually refer to the first 16 weeks of the dog's life. These 16 weeks are quite important for our puppy's life and they define our dog's character in the future.

During these weeks we will develop the character and behaviour habits of our puppy and this will last for his whole life. It will define how our puppy will relate to his family, our friends, strangers, other animals and the environment where he lives.



Socialization stimulates all the senses of the dog. It introduces and exposes our puppy to the smells, sounds, sights, tastes, and touch of his everyday life. The period of socialization prepares our puppy for many different situations and things he needs to be familiar with and makes him comfortable with them. Also it prepares our puppy to deal with new challenges which show up throughout his life in the good manner.

During socialization you build a close and very special bond with your dog that will last for the rest of his life. It depends on you whether your puppy will become an adjusted and reliable member of society or not.

We have an obligation to give our puppies a whole course of socialization and training-all dogs need them regardless of breed, regardless of where we got them. (Pet shop, shelter, etc.)

There are two basic types of puppy socialization:

Active- When we introduce our dog to several things such as walks in the park, visiting new people, car rides, obedience training, etc.

Passive- Things our puppies meet and get to know by themselves, like playing with new toys, exploring the garden, etc.

Note: Before starting your puppy's socialization you should always consult with your veterinarian because the need for educating our puppy mustn't come against the necessity of keeping him safe from diseases.

Why do we have to socialize our puppy?

- The first 16 weeks of our puppy's life is a very critical period, it's when we will shape our dog's temper, character and behaviour habits. If we fail to socialize our puppy during this period it will be very difficult to change bad habits later and fix the problems he may show in the future.

- Taking care of possible problems before they appear through socialization is much easier and tempting than trying to correct them afterwards (separation anxiety, uncontrollable barking, chewing objects, aggression towards people and other dogs etc)

- Puppy socialization is very important if we want to build a strong bond with our dog, a bond we will share with him for all his life. The more time we spend with our puppy during socialization the more benefits we'll obtain in the future.

Puppies that haven't been socialized can end up being very difficult characters than puppies that received a proper socialization.

- Your puppy's socialization has a bigger influence on its behaviour that the breed he is- it is very important.

-A puppy that is properly socialized can learn, think and process problems easier than a stressed dog or a dog full of fear- in fact the latter is very restricted to these issues.

- A socialized dog can easily accept new people or new dogs, or changes (house change) or challenges.

- Socialization prepares our dog for the challenges of everyday life. Items in the house such as the TV, the dishwasher or other animals in the house such as cats and birds will be easy for him to deal with.

- Socialization also teaches your dog how to interact without problems with other people or animals and eliminates aggression towards them.

- Last but not least, socialization feeds all the dog's senses and provides him with positive emotional and mental stimulation.

What are the problems we may face if we don't socialize our puppy?
Unfortunately the number one reason why dogs are euthanized is the lack of socialization. It is really sad that this thing happens, since it's very easy to socialize a puppy.

- If you don't socialize your dog during the first 16 weeks of its life it will be much more difficult, if impossible to do it later.

- You end up with a dog full of problems that can't fit in properly in society and can't be trusted either. It is really very sad, especially for the dog that will end up living for the rest of his life in a confined space.

- Dogs that don't get socialized are often shy, aggressive and fearful of people and animals. They also aren't very good at relating with other dogs.

- Your puppy's physical and emotional health can be endangered if he doesn't receive early social stimulation.

- Changes, unexpected events or experiences are not received well by dogs that aren't socialized. We must find the balance between making them cautious and also confident to explore and learn new things.

When does the puppy start socializing?

The puppy starts socialization from the moment he comes into this world. The puppy's mother begins this process by massaging the puppy to control the elimination, also through smell, sound and body language. Also the mother teaches the puppy discipline. The puppy's siblings also help each other by playing and interacting. They all learn to inhibit their bite and they also learn the language of dominance and submission.

The breeder's role is also crucial in the first weeks of the puppy's life. He must get them used to human contact and scent. Also he must help our puppy get accustomed with basic training.

How can we socialize our puppy?

When the puppy is about 8 weeks old we usually get it home. Right after that we must start the process of socialization. We must also be careful during his first weeks at home to avoid things that may scare our puppy (a big dog approaching, aggressive children etc) and traumatize him for ever.

House and crate training, chew toy training must start immediately and it can strengthen the behaviour we desire and also stop bad habits from appearing.
We must cuddle our puppy while talking gently to it, stroke its belly and even invite other people to do so.

Some basic training and commands such as sit, down, stay and the recall are also important during the first weeks and help build up a close bond with the puppy and also keep him safe.

Involve the puppy to your daily routine, everything you do and keep a close eye to him. The puppy must get familiar with your routine and everything that happens in the house, so that he can be relaxed in this environment and things in it like dishwasher, TV and kids.

Also the puppy must get familiar with other people in order to feel comfortable with them, ideally in the puppy's environment until his vaccinations are completed.

Most of all, we must keep in mind that all the work we do in order to socialize our puppy must have fun. It's not only a task that must be completed, but it's an excellent change to watch your puppy grow and experience new things every day. So, have a lot of fun with it.

Dog Training Tips - How to Train a Puppy - the 10 Most Important Principles

raining Your Puppy

How to train a puppy is one of the most common questions raised by new dog owners. You have just brought this new creature into your lives and before too long you realise that unless you do something about it, his boisterous, carefree puppy ways are going to turn into a real headache when he is five times his current size and weight.

With that in mind, the following are what I consider the ten most important principles to take into account when training a puppy.

The Ten Principles of Puppy Training
Beginning Training


1. Utilise the first three months of the puppy's life to shape the puppy's behaviour. This time should be spent teaching the puppy where it can and can't go in your house, getting the puppy into a routine so that it knows its boundaries and potty training the puppy.

2. Don't start formal obedience training with your puppy until it has reached at least three months of age. Your puppy goes through drastic change during his first three months where the central nervous system is developing. A puppy will not be able to understand or cope with formal obedience training before then.

3. When you do start formal obedience sessions at three months of age do not make the sessions any longer than four to five minutes long. Break the sessions up so that your puppy never becomes bored and ensure that you make the sessions happy so that your puppy is left wanting more. This is crucial.

The most important commands

4. At 3 months of age concentrate on the three most important commands, 'down', 'stay' and the command that I consider is by far the most important-'come'. (The come command is crucial, it can save your dogs life). The way to introduce these commands is as follows: "When ever your dog sits or goes into the down position on its own free will, simply state the command 'sit' or 'down' to coincide with the action". Likewise, when ever you walk away from your puppy and want the puppy to remain where it is, simply state the command 'stay'.

You can even do this before the puppy is 3 months old because you are not putting any pressure on the puppy. When the puppy is 3 months old it will then be ready to associate the command with the action in formal obedience sessions.

Praising and Rewarding the Puppy

5. Never yell at, hit, punish or scold your puppy during obedience sessions, this will only hinder your puppy's learning by having a negative effect on his confidence. Instead concentrate on positive reinforcement i.e. giving praise and/or a reward for completing the command. If the puppy does not do as you wish, simply withhold the praise and/or reward and move on.

6. Use food rewards 100% of the time when you start formal obedience sessions with your puppy. However, slowly withdraw them to around one reward for every twenty commands over the coming six months. That way your puppy will always be motivated because he will never know when the next reward is coming and he will be looking for it.

The two steps forward-one step back Principle

7. Do not make each training session progressively longer and harder for your puppy. Concentrate on the 'two steps forward -one step back' principle. This means, progress over two training sessions, then regress and make it easier on the third session. For example, you are teaching your puppy the 'stay' command. On Monday you have your pup stay for twenty seconds, five metres away from you, Tuesday thirty seconds seven metres from you and Wednesday forty seconds ten metres from you and so on. When you consistently progress like this you are de-motivating your puppy by making it harder for him every time that you teach the command. The correct way to go about this would be as above for Monday and Tuesday, however on Wednesday take the exercise back to fifteen seconds at three metres. Then progress again on the following day.

The Retrieve

8. When ever your puppy brings an item such as a ball, stick or any toy to you, do not immediately reach for the item. Instead pat the puppy on any part of his body except his head and ignore the item at first. If you immediately reach for items that your puppy brings to you, he will always feel threatened when ever he has an item in his mouth. This will hinder progress with retrieve exercises and even with games such as retrieve with a ball or stick.

The Collar and Lead

9. During the first three months familiarise your puppy with the lead and collar. Do this by introducing the collar first. Show the puppy the collar and let him smell and investigate it before you place it on him. Do this in a positive environment, for instance when you are outside playing with the puppy. After he has investigated it, simply place the collar on the puppy with minimal fuss, give a food reward so that the puppy has a positive association with the collar and continue playing with the puppy as if nothing has happened. If the puppy becomes distracted and starts pawing at the collar etc. distract the puppy with a toy or food item to take his mind off the collar. Very soon, your puppy will have forgotten that the collar is there. After two to three days of wearing the collar, introduce the lead. Again, do this under positive circumstances. Allow the puppy to investigate it and then clip it onto the collar then give a food reward. Allow the puppy to run around an area where he cannot get tangled, with the lead dragging behind him on the ground for around five to ten minutes. Extend this to around thirty minutes over the following week and then start picking up the lead for short periods while slowly walking around with the puppy following you.

Enjoy your Puppy

10. Lastly remember to enjoy your puppy. Make learning as stress free as possible. Accept that when you are training a puppy that things will go wrong and when they do move on with minimal fuss. Obedience Training is your responsibility as a dog owner. It is well worth the time and effort because the result is a companion that is always under your control and a pleasure to be around.

Nick Wilson is an author, a former Police Dog Handler, and the owner of K9Koncepts, based in New Plymouth, New Zealand. He focuses on teaching owners how to train their dogs with a simple and forthright approach. He also specialises in teaching owners how to overcome issues with problem dogs, and helps them understand the importance of the Canine Dominance hierarchy in dog training. You can obtain his free report Canine Dominance and the Five Key Factors to Dog Training from http://www.train-your-K9.com/ If you really want to understand canine dominace in more detail, and how it effects dog training, then his recently authored e-book "Train Your K9" is also available from the site.

Train Your Puppy or Pay the Price

Puppy Training is for every dog, regardless of breed, size or temperament. Puppy training is one of the fun parts about having a puppy. The single most important aspect of dog and puppy training is that you reward and praise your dog or puppy each and every time she does the right thing.

The main goal of puppy training is to prevent problems before they get started. The best time to start puppy training is as soon as your bundle of joy comes into your home. Puppy training is very important, whether you are training your first puppy or your 20th. Puppy training is, as much as anything else, the formation of good habits.

The amount of patience required during puppy training is a test for even the most mellow of us. Reinforcing commands in puppy training is essential. All puppy training is designed to direct your puppy's behavior into making her an acceptable member of human society. For this reason, puppy training is extremely important for the happiness of the dog and for your household.

Puppy socialization and puppy training is a very specialized type of training. Successful puppy training is all about proper supervision. Puppy training is a very important part of being a puppy owner and can prevent possible problems from developing in the future. Puppy training is a must for a happy pet and family. Best of all, puppy training is easy, fun and can be done by all family members, including children.
Puppy training is often considerably easier than training an adult or adolescent dog. Puppy Training is for every dog, regardless of breed or size. Puppy training is an important part if your dog's life. Although puppy training is not hard, it takes a lot of dedication and patience on the part of the owner.

The goal of young puppy training is to get your puppy headed in the right direction to enhance future formal obedience training. Puppy training is the key to proper adjustment. Puppy training is a vital and necessary component of a well-adjusted, well-behaved dog. The main purpose in puppy training is to build a communication system between the two of you. We know that puppy training is very important to the character development of your puppy.

A puppy does not have a very long attention span so short segments of training are definitely the best. Puppy training is a matter of consistency which means always using the same word for each command. Puppy training is nothing more than positive praise when he does a good job and prevention so that he doesn't make any mistakes.

The greatest value of very early puppy training is the opportunity you create for your puppy to succeed and be praised for it.

Puppy training is widely recognized as a huge step in deriving maximum pleasure from a well controlled and obedient dog. If you've got a new puppy, then puppy training is vital to his future well-being. Part of puppy training is socializing your pup to people, other dogs and new situations and surroundings.. All training, including the early puppy training is teaching your dog what he or she knows to be safe and happy.

A lot of good puppy training is preventative (housetraining, barking and chewing, for example). The goal of puppy training is to build a bond between you and your dog and for both of you to enjoy the process. New dog owners may be daunted by the task, but puppy training is not as hard as you think. Puppy Training will teach your puppy basic manners that will be carried into your puppy's adult life. Early puppy training should be done with bits of food as rewards such as pieces of cheese (kibble takes them too long to chew).

Introducing your puppy to new experiences and new locations is also an important part of puppy training. Repetitive actions are a large part of dog and puppy training. You want to have a smooth and easy time with this puppy, and a wonderful life with her. Puppy training will help you turn an adorable ball of fur into a well trained companion for life.

Copyright © 2007 B. Steele

B. Steele is a realtor in Nevada and a contributing editor for [http://www.Best-Free-Help.com] She has worn many hats during her career-mostly in sales of some kind. Among her work experiences she lists: retail fashion owner, restaurant owner, sales manager at a weekly newspaper, etc. She enjoys working with the public and training other sales people. Visit: BEST-FREE-HELP.com [http://www.Best-Free-Help.com] Today!

10 Advantages of Getting an Adult Dog

Are you thinking of joining the ranks of the canine enhanced? Ready to take the puppy plunge? Good for you! But before you take a ride down to the puppy farm consider this: puppies aren't the only options. There are some fantastic advantages for anyone willing to open their home to an adult dog, and depending on the breed and age of the adult dog in question there can be significant benefits. Especially if you value your time, money and slippers. In no particular order, here's my top ten advantages for getting an adult dog!

Established Personality: One of the most advantageous benefits of getting an adult dog is that they have an established personality, you will know if your dog is one that loves lots of petting and affection or if he/she is a dog that loves to work.

Less Need For Supervision: They will not require as much time and attention as a puppy.  For example, you will not have to worry as much about leaving your dog home alone while you are at work.

Complimentary Lifestyles: You can choose an adult dog whose personality is suitable to your own. Do you want a dog with a lot of energy so you can take long hikes, go bike riding and other activities that require more energy?  Or do you prefer relaxed moments, short walks and then a quiet night of TV?

Reduced Veterinarian Bills: Adopting an adult dog from a shelter ensures they have been spayed or neutered. Having a dog that has already been spayed or neutered is a great way to help with the over population problems we are facing.  Last year over a million dogs were euthanized.

The Slipper Factor: You won't have to worry about an adult dog creating havoc in your home. Older dogs have usually already gone though their destructive phase, so you will not have to worry about coming home to Domestic Armageddon.

Less Soiled Carpets: An adult dog will not need to be taken out as frequently as a puppy. When you get a puppy, the puppy will not be house trained so you will have to take him/her out to potty several times a day until he/she learns to go outside on their own.  A puppy is not able to wait a long time in between using the bathroom because they won't have much control over their bladder for a few months.

Skip Grade School: You can train adult dogs more easily than puppies. Adult dogs have a longer attention span therefore, they are easier to train than young puppies.

Large Selection: There are more adult dogs available for adoption than puppies. Every time I go to the local humane society I see hundreds of adult dogs waiting for their forever home. In comparison to maybe 10 puppies, which I know will be adopted. It makes me sad.

Kid Durable: Depending upon the breed you choose, older dog may be more appropriate for children. Most older dogs are not able to get hurt by a child accidentally playing too rough.

Possibly Trained Already: They may also understand certain commands from the outset. Many adult dogs have already had some training. They might already be leash trained or even know certain commands like sit, stay, etc.

With the adult dog population on the upsurge, adopting one from a shelter is literally saving a life.  While many first time pet owners may wish to get a puppy, you may not find many puppies in shelters, but you'll have an abundance of adult dogs to choose from. Plus you won't have to pay the high dollar price-tags that a pet store or breeder may be demanding.

If you can take a moment to look at it from a dog's perspective, they may have been neglected by their owners, or perhaps the owners can no longer take care of them. Recently, due to the economic slowdown, many dog owners have lost their homes to foreclosures and been forced to give up their pets. Suddenly Fido finds himself living in a shelter. Most shelters do try their best, but living in a shelter is neither pleasant nor conducive to a dog's emotional state of mind. This can leave the dogs depressed and lethargic.

If you've ever gone to a shelter, you may have noticed when you walk by cage after cage that some dogs become excited, often press their noses up against the cage or try to reach out with their paws.  Others may just sit in a corner and look up with sad eyes.

Consider adopting an adult dog. Take him home and care for him. You'll soon discover that the rewards are immeasurable. With so many unique breeds and personalities to choose from you're almost guaranteed to find a perfect fit for your home. I can pitch this all day, but the bottom line is: You're not just bringing them home, you're giving them a second chance. Both of my dogs came from out local shelter.

Kelley Denz helps pet parents take care of their pampered pooch by delivering up to date information on natural dog products treats and food and quality toys. For more information about picking out your dog see http://www.critterminute.com/choosing-the-right-dog or visit my website http://www.CritterMinute.com for Fun, Helpful Tips for Dog Lovers

Mixed Breed Dogs Versus Purebred Dogs

Bloodline or Uniqueness

When buying a dog, you may have the option to select between mixed breed dogs and purebred dogs. Most people choose a purebred dog because of the expectation that they have certain attributes, bloodline. There are people who may opt for mixed breed because of the unique blending. Of course pure bred dogs have a specific appearance and personality. A sample is a Newfoundland dog. Selecting this dog can ensure you a good companion because of its gentle disposition, large size and fondness for swimming. The Jack Russell terrier breed, with its small and athletic disposition, can display a fondness for digging.

Purebreds Come With Standards

Purebreds come with a standard. Regardless of the breed type, the dog's temperament is dependent on its environment, past experiences and other factors. There are traits that are inherent for purebred animals. It is best that you do a research before selecting the dog that you want. It is best that the dog has a similar personality like you. This can ensure that you can jive along with them. For those who will own a dog for the first time, purebred dogs are recommended because they have disposition and temperament that are innate in them.

Health problems are also inherent as well. This is very much helpful for inexperienced owners. They can prepare possible veterinary bills. There are purebred dogs that are prone to diseases such as allergies, health problems, cancers and others. Mixed breeds on the other hand may acquire certain conditions coming from the two breeds that are combined. The medical problems are harder to predict in such a case.

Mixed Breeds: Let the Surprises Unfold

There are many who select mixed breed dogs because they want a surprise unfolding as the dog grows. It can reveal personality and appearance which is overwhelming. Each mixed breed dog can be a combination of two or more pure breeds. An example is when you get a Cocker Spaniel/Poodle-mix or the cocka poo. It would display characteristics that are known to each breed. It would also project an individual quality that is unique in them. Before buying one, do a research and study the traits that exist within each of the breeds. A Heinz 57 is a mixture of different breeds like the Husky, Old English Sheepdog and Labrador Retriever. It could have the husky's blue eyes, sheepdog's coat and personality of the lab. A mixed breed is somewhat exciting particularly the combination of the breed type entered in the genes of the dog.

Responsibility of Care

Most vets agree that mixed breeds are healthy because some genetic health problems aren't bred in them. All dogs are considered to be unique. Choosing a dog may require you to do extensive research. As an owner, you are advised to consider your ability to provide a dog with good exercise, proper training, good diet and regular vet care.
http://www.europuppyblog.com/

4 Great Reasons to Choose a Mixed Breed Dog

Mutts make the best dogs! Many people think a pure bred dog is going to have a certain personality, then they are shocked when the dog doesn't act exactly as expected. The truth of the matter is that each dog, mixed breed or pedigree, will have it's own unique personality and character attributes (just like people). There are so many great reasons to choose a mixed breed dog and this article covers 4 of the best reasons we've identified.

1. Mutts are more even-tempered. While it is possible for mixed breed dogs to be very energetic or very laid back they tend toward more moderate temperaments. Their behavior is typically more moderate because they were not bred to have specific characteristics. The behaviors required to achieve the tasks that certain dogs were bred for are not necessarily middle-of-the-road behaviors. Extreme personality traits in mixed breed dogs are often products of the dog's environment and upbringing and are not inborn characteristics as seen in pure bred dogs. Mixed breed dogs also tend to be a little more flexible to change than pure bred dogs. Some suggest they are not as programmed as their pure bred counterparts and therefore adjust more quickly to change.

2. Mutts have good genetic diversity. Because their genes are usually unrelated the chances of both parents of a mixed breed dog carrying the same defective genes are low. Often the worst diseases or health problems in dogs are passed along through the pairing of the same defective genes. Mixed breed dogs are often healthier because when left up to nature dogs tend to be moderately sized with more natural builds. This happens when cross breeding occurs over time because this is how dogs are designed to be. When people begin breeding they tend to go to extremes from a 3 pound Chihuahua to a 150 pound Great Dane. Other breed specific traits like the short snouts of Pugs, the barrel chest of a Bulldog or the large folds of skin of a Sharpei are actually abnormalities that can cause additional health problems over the life of the dog.

3. Millions of mutts are euthanized each year. Mixed breed dogs are often abandoned or neglected for their pure bred counterparts because they are not perceived as valuable by some. They are often passed over for adoption and end up in the gas chamber simply because they do not appear as fashionable or trendy as the expensive, pure bred, trend dog of the moment.

4.Mixed breed dogs are less expensive. The average price of a pure bred dog is around $800 if you agree to spay or neuter him and around $1,500 if you do not. While many people are more than willing to pay a significant sum of money for their ideal dog, it is completely unnecessary. Mixed breed dogs can be adopted for free from a neighbor or for around $150 from a rescue organization. The adoption fee from a rescue group is nominal and goes towards Veterinary care expenses. Dogs adopted from reputable groups come with all of their shots and are spayed or neutered and ready to go.

This article was written by Gwen Childs. She is a writer for pet-super-store.com. They offer great products such as elevated dog feeders, orthopedic dog beds and many other pet products.

Find Reliable Dog DNA Tests Today

Many of us who adopt mixed-breed puppies are always wondering what exact breeds they are made up of. This is actually a way more important question than you could ever imagine. Knowing the breeds in your dog will allow you to know their health and behavioral patterns and with that knowledge you will be able to keep your dog happy and healthy. The fastest way to learn the breeds is to find the most reliable dog DNA tests.

So what makes up the most reliable dog DNA tests? Here are some facts that can help us answer that:

1. The best kits will be easy to use and have very detailed instructions. This is important because you will be the one doing the cheek swab. As long as you rub the brush against the inside of your dog's cheek, you will get actual cells. Many people just stick the brush in their dog's mouth and just get saliva, which obviously does not give you the results you are looking for.

2. Look for a test package that gives you a lot of breed options. The top ones will have more than 100 options of breeds that could be in your dog.

3. Take a look at the lead times. If the kit says that they will have your DNA results back to you in one week, it is not reliable. It takes at least 4 weeks to get a thorough analysis of your dog's DNA because the SNP-based DNA Technology Process is the most cutting-edge and cannot be done in one week.

4. Last, but not least, look for the kits that will encourage you to share the results with your vet. Your vet needs to know this information so that during check-ups or emergencies, they know how to react to your dog's personality and look for any diseases that your dog may be prone to.

Now that you know how to find the most reliable dog DNA tests, get online and read some reviews. In a few weeks you will have an official certificate for your pooch and will be a better parent to them!
Find the reliable dog DNA tests here!
Elle Del

Dog DNA Testing - How They Work

We can do different DNA tests to check for a child's real father, so it does make sense that dog DNA testing is available for those who want to check their dog breeds. It might sound too crazy to be true, but there are many different dog breed test kits being sold online and in pet stores that promise to deliver accurate results in a few days.

Ever wondered if your Yorkshire Terrier has actually been crossbred with another toy dog? By using dog DNA tests, you can confirm if your little bundle of joy is a true blue purebred or if you've been duped at your local pet store. How does dog DNA testing work exactly? Read on to learn more about this innovative technology.

The Basics of Dog DNA Testing

Let's go back to basic Science for a second. DNA, as we learned in school, is the blueprint of our entire being. Our DNA is composed of a series of molecule pairs and is unique to each individual, like a thumbprint. We get half of our DNA from our mom and half from our Dad. The DNA strands of dogs are quite similar to that of humans. Dog's DNA are also composed of DNA strands from the mother and the father. Thus, puppies always display random traits from both parents.

A dog breed test examines the DNA found in the dog's saliva and checks this against a database. The results will tell you what breeds are mixed in your dog's DNA. All you have to do is swab your dog's cheek with the supplied device, mail the sample back to the manufacturer of the dog breed test and wait for results.

Once the laboratory receives your dog DNA analysis sample, technicians put it in a solution that removes the cheek cells from the swab to reveal your dog's DNA. The solution also allows the DNA to be copied into millions of bits needed for analysis (the "DNA markers"). The markers are then analyzed with information found in the company's database, where they are compared with the information from thousands of purebred dogs.

The Importance of Dog DNA Testing

Your little furry friend won't be able to tell you what kind of dog he really is or why he's got brown spots all over his body, but reliable dog DNA testing can. Although most people think that DNA testing for dogs is unimportant, it gives you essential information that you can use to help your dog live a healthy and happy life.

Most people might use a dog breed test to make sure that the puppies they're buying are as purebred as the sellers say they are. But you can also use this innovative test for other things. Some dog owners have had their dogs tested so they can discover and understand their pet's different habits. You might not know, for instance, that little Lulu loves to swim because she's part Labrador or that Foxy loves to run around and dig holes because he's part Terrier. You can also use this knowledge to help in the training of your dog. Different dog breeds have different personalities, so you can develop training programs specifically suited to your pet. And, just as DNA testing can help you manage your health and wellbeing, dog DNA testing can reveal different potential health risks and wellness issues that can plague your furry friend.

Dog DNA testing might sound like something that could be read from a Science Fiction book, but this innovation has apparently become as important to dog owners as regular training and visits to the vet.

This Article is written by Lena Butler, from TestCountry the contributor of Test Country Articles. More information on the subject is at http://www.testcountry.org, and resources from other home health and wellness testing articles are used such as DNA & Genetic testing

9 Quick and Easy Steps of Dog DNA Sample Collection

Dog owners can perform DNA sample collection on their dogs without the visiting any veterinarians as it requires no blood test for DNA analysis. A breed identification tool for mixed breed dogs like Canine Heritage XL Breed Test are commonly used by dog owners due to its convenience and efficiency of the breed testing product.

Before we discuss about the steps of the sampling procedure, Canine Heritage XL Breed Test comes as a package that contains:
  • Data sheet
  • Sample submission form
  • One DNA cheek swab collection brush
  • Easy-to-Follow DNA sample collection instructions
  • Pre-paid return mailer
Now, here are the quick and easy steps of DNA sample collection for your dog:
  1. In the beginning, you have to complete the sample submission form.
  2. When sampling is more than one dog, wash your hands clean between each sample to prevent cross-contamination as it affects the DNA analysis process.
  3. DNA collection has to be performed before meal. Therefore, you have to withhold food at least one-half hour before collecting a sample for DNA testing. Carefully observe the dog's mouth between the cheek and gums for food debris. The main reason is to collect cheek epithelial cells, avoiding food debris that could cause DNA contamination.
  4. Write down your dog's name or other identifier on the MMI Genomics' DNA CheekSwab wrapper as provided in the package.
  5. Then, open the swab package by peeling back the loose edges of the DNA CheekSwab sleeve about one inch.  
  6. You have to grasp the swab's plastic handle and pull the swab out of the wrapper. Visualized inserting a toothbrush inside your mouth, turning the bristles away from your teeth towards your cheek, and brushing against your cheek. Again, the main task is to collect epithelial cheek cells, not food debris onto the bristles. Unlike brushing your teeth, do not brush or scrub it too hard as it will cause bleeding on the gums.
  7. Hold steady your dog's head. Holding the swab by the applicator stick, briskly rub and rotate the swabs bristle head against the inside surface of the cheek for about 20 seconds.
  8. Immediately reinsert the swab into the DNA CheekSwab sleeve (there is no need to reseal the sleeve)
  9. Finally, return the sample with the Sample Submission Form as provided in breed testing kit and drop it in a mailbox. Since it is a pre-paid return mailer, no postage is necessary.
Within 4-6 weeks period of time, your dog DNA test results will be sent back to you in the form of a frame quality "Certificate of DNA Breed Analysis" - in which displays breed test results in several categories such as "Primary", "Secondary" and "In the mix" categories. For more information about dog DNA testing as a breed identification tool for mixed dogs, visit http://dogdnabasics.com

The Best Dog DNA Testing Kit

If you have ever asked yourself the question "What kind of dog do I have?" then you need to find the best dog DNA testing kit. These tests will allow you to learn all about your dog's breeds, including health and behavioral information that will help you give your dog the best life possible.

Here are the most important things to know when you are looking for the best dog DNA testing kit:

1. Know how many breeds the test covers. There are some that only cover 20-30 breeds. You should really use the ones that cover around 100 different breeds in order to get the best analysis.

2. Understand that you are the one doing the cheek swab, not a vet. It is very easy and anyone can do it, just make sure that you really rub the brush against your dog's cheek. If you just hold the brush in your dog's mouth, you will only get saliva instead of actual cells.

3. These are not paternity tests or purebred verification tests. These tests are as accurate as those are, but they will not be accepted by breed clubs that ask for pedigree documentation.

4. A little bit of patience is required. The best dog DNA testing kits take at least 4 weeks to complete. This is because they are using the most advanced SNP-based DNA Technology Process. The best part is getting your dog's certificate, which I have framed!

5. Once you receive your results, call your vet's office and ask them to put the results into their system. This is very important because certain breeds are prone to certain diseases and if you and your vet know what breeds are in your dog, you can both watch for any early signs.

Hope you learned a lot and you are excited about ordering the best dog DNA testing kit for your dog!
Find the best dog DNA testing here!
Elle Del

Dog Breeds DNA Testing

Many of us who adopt mixed-breed puppies are always wondering what exact breeds they are made up of. This is actually a way more important question than you could ever imagine. Knowing the breeds in your dog will allow you to know their health and behavioral patterns and with that knowledge you will be able to keep your dog happy and healthy. The fastest way to learn the breeds is to find the most reliable dog DNA tests.





 Data Dog Breeds DNA Testing

- A list of tests available for specific breeds and diseases, by the University of Missouri
- The first non-veterinary canine DNA test for detecting breed composition in mixed-breed dogs. Also features complete breed profiles for over 100 dog breeds as well as a history of canine genetics.
- Thorough overview of the genome sequence as defined by the Broad Institute, including maps and clone registry.
- Overview of progress in developing DNA marker tests for various canine genetic disorders. 
- DNA testing for canine color inheritance and genetic diseases.
- Overview of genetic counseling in purebred breeds, from the US Kerry Blue Terrier Club.
- Purebred animal genetic (DNA) disease testing and profiling for dogs and horses. Includes list of services and company information.

Teach Your Dogs to Behave With the Use of a Dog Gate

Dogs are normally jolly, hyper, and may misbehave sometimes just like little kids. This is okay. But on other times, these happy and naughty moments turn into destructive behavior. That is why for some dog owners, having a dog gate is essential in maintaining a healthy and happy relationship with their beloved pets.

Broken telephone cables, electric chords, and broken vases? It is absolutely not a good scenario. We do not want our living room, bedroom, and other parts of the house to be turned unto our pet's playground. Not just because they create an illusion that our house was run over by a hurricane but broken things and appliances mean a lot of money-and it is a great deal of loss on our part.

That is why, in situations like this, dog owners like you wish to dog proof a room so a chewer dog would know his limitations around the house. There is no other perfect solution to this problem but a dog gate. A dog gate will help instill on our pet's mind his basic lessons of do's and don'ts. Plus he would eventually learn where the places he is and is not supposed to go; where he is allowed to fool around and where he is required to behave.

Well as compassionate owner, you might be worried about putting your pup behind a gate. Don't be... because you have to remember that you are supposed to set boundaries at times to establish that you are after all the boss. So to avoid him doing nasty things around his containment this time, you may provide him toys or treats to occupy his time with. Diverting his attention is the key. Just make sure he doesn't stay there all the time; nice afternoon walks or some morning jog are still necessary dog exercises for a healthy dog lifestyle.

Now, you probably are edged to purchase a dog gate from the market. But take a minute for a little yet important pointer; take note that there are two types of indoor dog gates: the pressure mounted gates and hardware mounted gates. How do they differ? Pressure mounted gates basically are best for smaller dogs; it has a latch that creates the pressure and it does not need any tools so it is very convenient to install. Aside from that, it is cheaper compared to the hardware mounted gate. This other type on the other hand is sturdier, can be screwed on its location and is advisable to use on top of the stairs.

Learn more about you can keep your dog out of trouble by limiting his access to specific rooms or areas by visiting dog gate.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Smith_Trinity

Dog DNA - Finding Your Breed

There's a lot to be said about the different breeds of dogs out there. They range from tiny to huge, and have some of the greatest variation in size of any species on the planet. Dog sizes can be smaller than a housecat to larger than a donkey, and have an incredible variety in their coats, temperament, and uses. In this quick article, we'll take a look at some of the impacts dog DNA has on their various qualities, as well as how you can use your dog's DNA to find out his or her specific mix of breeds. We'll also go into a recent phenomenon that just might blow your mind.

Dog DNA is, as with any living organism on the planet, what determines just about everything about them. It contains information for their coat color, eye color, ear size, muscle mass, everything. Finding out which breeds are prone to certain behaviors is crucial in finding the right kind of dog. For example, herding dogs, like collies and shepherds, are notoriously good with children. They may even keep children away from dangerous or "off-limits" areas, which can be set by someone who knows how to train a dog. Picking a dog breed to suit your tastes and living situation is important.

There are several services, both online and in person, that can use specific information (the most accurate of which is a tissue sample containing dog DNA) to find out the exact history of your dog, including breed information, and which traits about your dog come from which breed. This can be used to determine a dog's temperament before you even adopt it, which can be a great way to make sure the dog will get along with your children or your other pets. Remember, certain types of dogs are better with certain things than others, and it never feels good to make a commitment to an animal that you can't keep, so be sure to learn as much as you can beforehand.

On a final note, there is actually a service available in some areas to have your pet cloned. You can actually take in your dog for them to take a sample of DNA, and use that dog DNA to create an exact copy of your current pet. This copy, of course, will have to grow from an infant dog, but the resemblance will be perfect. Does that blow your mind?

Sherry Harris is the author of a wide range of dog topics including, but not limited to: puppy training, dog grooming, pet travel, pet insurance, dog training, pet food, house training, dog breeds and dog allergies. For hundreds more free dog articles visit http://www.DogStyleNetwork.com. Hope you enjoyed the article topic Dog DNA. We are online 24/7, so come visit us at your convenience!
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Sherry_L_Harris

Keep Your Dog Safe In Hot Weather

Reading this article could save your dog's life. Summertime brings longer days, warmer temperatures and a need for safety. Whether you live in the far north, the deep south, the coast or the desert, the more you know about hot weather dog safety, the better.

For example, at temperatures of 50, 60 or even 70 degrees Fahrenheit (depending on humidity levels) leaving your dog in the car can turn into a fatality. Dog heat stroke happens fast. Many places have laws about leaving an animal unattended in a vehicle and the places that don't, should.

Think about it! If its 70 degrees, humidity is moderate (heat index is 80-85 degrees) but all the car windows are rolled up with a 1-3" opening, the car is in the direct sun, or even the shade, and you're leaving your dog in the car for more than 5 minutes. Could this be a problem? Maybe it's 80 or 90 degrees Fahrenheit (heat index of nearly 100 degrees) and you leave your dog in the car.

Take a moment and ask yourself, is this safe? Ask yourself if you would be safe left in the conditions you plan to leave your dog in. Would a baby be safe? If your answer is no, then your dog won't be safe either. Would a police officer, animal control officer, or veterinarian scold you or possibly ticket you for leaving your dog? If the answer is yes, then don't do it.

If you have any doubt about your dog's safety, listen to that and act accordingly. In the spring & summer months, dog heat exhaustion & heat stroke is the main concern. Believe me, watching a dog succumb due to heat exhaustion or stroke is heart breaking. They refuse water & food, are lethargic, breath rapidly, can't get up, are disoriented, vomit continually, have uncontrollable diarrhea, and slowly die.

To protect your dog from heat exhaustion and heat stroke, read the following:

*Don't leave you dog in the car unless you plan to leave the air conditioner running.

*Don't let your dog run in the middle of the day. Let your dog go for it in the early morning or at night when it's cooler.

*Keep in mind if you live in a highly humid/tropical climate, when it's 90 degrees and humidity is high, the heat index is typically over 100 degrees. Exercise your dog when humidity and the heat index is very low.

*Take stock if your dog has dark colored fur. They will get hot faster (black absorbs heat where white repels it).

*Be especially careful with short snouted dogs like pugs, bulldogs, mastiffs and shih tzu's. These breeds overheat much faster and are highly susceptible to dog heat stroke.

*Provide shade for your dog. Buy a tarp or a sheet and put it up if necessary. It's a lot cheaper than a vet bill.

*Always have fresh, clean water available for your dog. Dogs need hydration just like humans. Have a large plastic dish (metal gets hot) & leave your garden hose slightly running into the dish. A vet bill can be much higher than a water bill.

*No! An ice cold beer is not the answer on a hot summer day for your dog! Alcohol is poison for your dog. Give your dog lots of cold, clean water.

*Please don't tether your dog outside when it's hot. Dogs easily get the tether wrapped around various objects and end up in the sun. This is a recipe for dog heat stroke.

*Remember your dog doesn't wear shoes and asphalt, concrete, etc. get very hot in the summer sun. Burnt puppy pads are very painful and can become a serious issue quickly. Imagine walking barefoot on asphalt in the summer. Ouch! Walk your dog when it's cooler outside and preferably in shaded areas.

*When you're out & about with your dog, don't let your dog drink from stagnant water sources. These often have bacteria & mold that will make your dog very sick.

*Never, ever leave your dog unsupervised around a swimming pool. They can easily drown. If you have a pool, train your dog where the stairs are located so they know how to get out. Just like children, keep an eye on your dog, at all times, when they're in the pool area.

Immediately call your veterinarian or animal emergency center if any of the following occur with regard to your dog:

*Rapid breathing with an increased heart rate.

*Your dog has discolored gums--Dogs with heat stroke have dull gray or pink gums instead of the normal red-pink color.

*Your dog is disoriented--they are unaware of their environment.

*Your dog isn't listening or obeying commands, seems lost or scared.

*Your dog has a wild or panicked expression.

If you suspect your dog may have heat stroke, first call your veterinarian or animal emergency center. Secondly, to help bring your dogs temperature down, do the following:

*Gently place a cool wash cloth on the unhaired belly area. Keep rinsing the cloth with fresh cool water and applying until your dog is calmer (this should only take about 5 minutes).

This is not a substitute for getting your dog to the veterinarian or animal emergency center. Get them checked out. It could save their life.

With the temperatures rising all over, be aware & make adjustments when necessary to take the very best care of your dog. If you have questions or concerns, talk with your veterinarian or veterinary technician.
Your dog relies on you to care for them. Do a good job. The rewards are priceless.

Miss Debra Rae has been around animals her entire life. For years she ran a veterinary clinic and an animal emergency center. She continues to research and write about dogs who are indeed man's best friend. Visit Miss Rae's website at http://www.goodpoopy.com and find information for your furry canine family member from obedience to nutrition, treats to hot & cold weather safety plus all you want to know (or not know) about fleas, ticks and worms.